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NASA embarks on pioneering journey to metal-rich asteroid, Psyche

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NASA has poised to set forth on a voyage to a metal-rich asteroid known as Psyche. Situated an astonishing 2.2 billion miles (3.5 billion kilometers) away, this celestial body, Psyche, remains a mysterious enigma, believed to be the remnants of a small planet or a novel celestial entity previously undiscovered by the scientific community.

Scheduled for liftoff on Friday, NASA’s probe is all set to depart, with the tantalizing prospect of unlocking secrets about the inner workings of planets akin to our Earth.

While addressing reporters during a recent briefing, the lead scientist, Lindy Elkins-Tanton, emphasized the significance of this upcoming mission, stating, “We’ve visited either in person or robotically worlds made of rock, worlds made of ice, and worlds made of gas… but this will be our first time visiting a world that has a metal surface.”

The launch, a joint venture between NASA and SpaceX, is planned for Friday at 10:19 am Eastern Time (1419 GMT) from the Kennedy Space Center, utilizing a SpaceX Falcon Heavy rocket. A backup launch window is also reserved for Saturday in case unfavorable weather conditions prevail.

Trailing a distinctive blue glow due to its next-generation electric propulsion system and flanked by expansive solar arrays, the van-sized probe is anticipated to reach its destination within the Asteroid Belt, nestled between Mars and Jupiter, in July 2029.

**A Two-Year Mission to Unlock Cosmic Mysteries**

Over the next two years, the Psyche probe will deploy its sophisticated suite of instruments, aimed at uncovering evidence of an ancient magnetic field, exploring its chemical composition, and examining the minerals and topography of Psyche.

The scientists theorize that Psyche, christened after the Greek goddess of the soul, might constitute the iron-rich core of a “planetesimal,” a fundamental building block of all rocky planets. Alternatively, it could represent an uncharted relic from a primordial solar system object, rich in iron.

As Elkins-Tanton succinctly puts it, “This is our one way to see a core.” She adds humorously, “We say tongue in cheek that we’re going to outer space to explore inner space.”

While Psyche is thought to possess an irregular, potato-like shape, measuring approximately 173 miles (280 kilometers) across at its broadest point, it has never been observed up close. Recent analyses suggest that, contrary to earlier assumptions, the asteroid is not overwhelmingly composed of metal; instead, it is believed to consist of metal ranging from 30 to 60 percent, with the rest being rock.

**Technological Innovations and Boundless Potential**

The Psyche mission is a testament to technological innovation. The spacecraft, aptly named after the asteroid, will experiment with next-generation communication methods reliant on lasers instead of traditional radio waves, akin to upgrading Earth’s old telephone lines to fiber optics, according to NASA.

Deep Space Optical Communications, the system’s name, is designed to demonstrate data-return capacities of 10 to 100 times that of current space radio systems. Abi Biswas from NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory described it as a groundbreaking step forward.

Additionally, Psyche employs a unique propulsion system known as “Hall-effect thrusters.” These thrusters convert energy from solar panels into electric and magnetic fields, expelling charged atoms of xenon gas.

Although the thrust generated is approximately equivalent to the weight of an AA battery, in the vast expanse of space, the spacecraft will steadily accelerate to tens of thousands of miles per hour. This technology eliminates the need to carry thousands of pounds of chemical fuel into space, marking the first instance of such a system being employed beyond lunar orbit.

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